Mozambique tilapia are an African cichlid that has been stocked with much success in lakes and ponds in Texas for selective vegetation control and forage enhancement. We consider these fish as one of the most important species to stock along with any regime in almost any situation. With a stocking rate of 10-50 lbs per acre in the spring where you are fertilizing or feeding, these fish produce more mass of offspring than coppernose bluegill or threadfin shad, combined, feeding your hungry predators. Worried about competition or interference with other fish?...don't! Tilapia feed on the bottom of the food chain...primarily on plankton and algae, and it is not likely that they will reach competitive size in one growing season. We've noticed exceptional pond bottom and post-herbicide application clean up on our farm where these fish are stocked and tested. Tilapia can also be stocked for control of filamentous algae, duckweed, water meal, and bladderwort. Be aware that the Mozambique tilapia is the only species of tilapia that is legal to stock without a permit in the state of Texas because of their low tolerance to cold temperatures. A winter water temperature of about 55 degrees will kill these fish, but NOT BEFORE most edible size tilapia are consumed by predators such as largemouth bass, crappie, catfish, and hybrid stripers. You will most likely have to restock every year, but the effort pays off for many fisheries. Tilapia make a nest as do fish in the sunfish family, but they are unique because the females are mouth brooders...they protect fertilized eggs and small fry by harboring them in their oral cavity to ensure high survival rate. Females caught in the summer months often ooze fry from their mouths. Catch these fish with a small red wiggler, if you can keep the bluegill off the hook, or try using floating fish food as bait where you have a feeding station.